Human Development Index (HDI)



Human Development Index 

In 1990 the first Human Development Report introduced a new approach for advancing human wellbeing. Human development – or the human development approach - is about expanding the richness of human life, rather than simply the richness of the economy in which human beings live. It is an approach that is focused on people and their opportunities and choice
The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes. These contrasts can stimulate debate about government policy priorities. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions


:Source
http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi



شاخص توسعه انسانی سازمان ملل متحد اسکان بشر، UN-HABITAT در سال 2016 نشاندهنده قرارگرفتن ایران در جایگاه 69 در بین 188 کشور میباشد. نکته قابل توجه در مورد ایران میزان رشد سالانه شاخص توسعه انسانی در مقایسه با کشورهای همسایه میباشد. 
بر اساس این شاخص در سال 2016، کشور نروژ در رتبه اول و کشور آمریکا و کانادا در رتبه 10 ام قرار گرفته اند. 
شاخص توسعه انسانی بر اساس فاکتور امید به زندگی، آموزش، و میزان تولید ناخالص داخلی توسط اقتصاددان پاکستانی آقای محبوب الحق تهیه شده است.
مآخذ: UN-HABITAT




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